Persephone is the Greek goddess of springtime, flowers, fertility, and young life. Persephone is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter and the wife of Hades, making her the Queen of the Underworld. Her Roman counterpart is Proserpine.
Unlike Zeus’ other children, Persephone has no position at Olympus. Persephone used to live far away from the other deities, a goddess within Nature herself before the days of planting seeds and nurturing plants. When Persephone reached marriageable age, several gods tried to woo her, but Demeter rejected all their gifts and hid her daughter away from the company of the Olympian deities (Demeter said that Persephone could have married the god of doctors). Thus, Persephone lived a peaceful life before she became the goddess of the Underworld, which did not occur until Hades brought her to the Underworld through his infamous kidnapping of her.
In Percy Jackson’s Greek Gods, Persephone was described to be an incredibly beautiful young goddess (enough to attract the attention of Hades, who hardly ever left the Underworld) with her mother’s long blond hair and her father’s sky-blue eyes. She was so beautiful in fact, that Adonis had trouble choosing between her and Aphrodite.
When Psyche visits Persephone during the winter in Percy Jackson’s Greek Heroes, the latter wore a pale gray and green dress, “the color of frost on grass”, while her eyes were watery gold, “like the December sun.” When Orpheus visits the Underworld, Persephone wears a yellow and grey gown, akin to the sun behind winter clouds.
In The Sword of Hades, Persephone was described to be a tall young woman with long dark hair that floated and curled as if it were weightless, and her face was beautiful but deathly pale. She wore a dress that billowed around her like smoke, and though Percy initially thought it was white, he later realized that it was made of all sorts of changing colors – red, blue, and yellow flowers blooming in the fabric – but it was strangely faded. Her eyes were said to be multicolored but washed out, as if the Underworld had sapped her life force. Percy also had the impression that in the world above, Persephone would be even more beautiful, and even brilliant.
In The Last Olympian, Persephone was said to look totally different from the last time Percy had seen her, due to it being summer: she had lustrous black hair and warm brown eyes, and she wore a dress that shimmered with colors, and the flower patterns in the fabric of her dress changed and bloomed – roses, tulips, and honeysuckle.
The differences in Persephone’s physical description throughout the novels could be attributed to the fact that, as a goddess, she has the ability to assume any shape she desired, though it must be noted that she retains her stunning beauty and grace no matter what physical manifestation she adopts.
As the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, as well as the Queen of the Underworld, Persephone is extremely powerful, more so than a demigod, though less so compared to an Olympian. She is considered a minor goddess.
In Percy Jackson’s Greek Gods, when the Naiad Minthe infuriates her (by proclaiming Hades’ great love for her, and claiming to be more beautiful than Persephone), Persephone grows 50 feet tall before dealing with her.
As the firstborn daughter of Demeter as well as the Goddess of Springtime and Flowers, Persephone has absolute control and divine authority over flowers and other plants. Her jurisdiction over these provinces also grants her the abilities.
Persephone could transform anything (even people) into flowers or anything related to flora. In Percy Jackson’s Greek Gods, she turned Minthe into the mint plant out of jealousy and rage. As revealed by Nico in The Sword of Hades, she also once turned him into a dandelion during a “family spat”. Later on, during the Battle of Manhattan, she used this ability to turn the dracanae’s spears into sunflowers.
As shown in The Sword of Hades, Persephone could also create Travel Roses, which she gave to Thalia, Percy, and Nico so that they could return to their world above.
As shown also in The Sword of Hades, Persephone could manipulate the earth to an extent, due to her being the wife of Hades as well as the daughter of Demeter. She split open the ground beneath Thalia, Percy, and Nico to get them into the Underworld.
As the wife of Hades and therefore the Queen of the Underworld, Persephone could control darkness and shadows, though to a somewhat lesser extent than her husband.
As the wife of Hades and therefore the Queen of both the Underworld and the Dead, Persephone has the ability to manipulate the dead to do her bidding, though to a somewhat lesser extent than her husband. Her jurisdiction over these provinces also grants her the ability.
Stygian Sleep Induction
As shown in Percy Jackson’s Greek Heroes, Persephone has the ability to manipulate pure Stygian sleep, which is the essence of the Underworld. She filled Aphrodite’s rosewood box with Stygian sleep which, when when accidentally inhaled by Psyche, made the latter pass out instantly, with her life beginning to ebb.
Source: Aspirational Gods